62676-2  PhenX - testes development protocolPhenX - testes development protocolPhenX - testes development protocol: -: Pt: ^Patient: -: PhenX  

NAME
  Fully-Specified Name: 
Component   Property   Time   System   Scale   Method
PhenX - testes development protocol  Pt  ^Patient  PhenX
  Long Common Name:  PhenX - testes development protocol
  Shortname:  Testes development proto

TERM DEFINITION/DESCRIPTION(S)
  A physician uses an orchidometer to measure testes size and determine the onset of puberty and later pubertal development. The orchidometer beads, which are of increasing volume from 1 ml to 25 ml are compared with the size of the subject's testicles. The examiner is careful to only include testicular tissue in the comparison. The orchidometer, a series of ellipsoids of increasing volume, are used to determine testes size. Each testis is measured with the patient standing in a warm room. The ellipsoid is held up to each isolated testis and a measurement is estimated, making sure not to include the epididymis in the measurement. One measurement is adequate, but it never hurts to do more than once (Prader A., 1966, 1975). The testicular examination requires two hands and should be performed in a warm room. The hands may be lubricated with surgical lubricant or warm, soapy water if necessary. The patient is supine. One hand is placed near the anterior superior iliac spine and the other on the scrotum. The first hand is swept from the anterior iliac spine along the inguinal canal to gently express any retained testicular tissue into the scrotum. A true undescended or ectopic inguinal testis may slide or "pop" under the examiner's fingers during this maneuver. A low ectopic or retractile testis will be felt by the second hand as the testis is milked into the scrotum by the first hand.(Cooper and Docimo 2010; Drutz 2010). Examination of older children and adult testes is routinely performed in the standing position. Examination of adults with a suspected undescended testis should be done in both the supine and standing positions with adequate cremasteric relaxation to differentiate true UDT or ectopic testes from retractile testes (Eyre 2010).
 
 

BASIC ATTRIBUTES
  Class/Type: PANEL.PHENX/Clinical
  First Released in Version: 2.36
  Last Updated in Version: 2.65
  Status: Trial – caution, may change.
Change Reason: Updated the PhenX ID from "PhenX." to "PX" in Survey Question Source field to align with the variable identifier used in the PhenX Toolkit.

SURVEY QUESTION
Source: PX101501

MEMBER OF THESE PANELS
  62642-4   PhenX domain - Reproductive healthPhenX domain - Reproductive healthPhenX domain - Reproductive health: -: Pt: ^Patient: -: PhenX

PARTS

Part Type    Part No.  Part Name   
Component   LP111977-7  PhenX - testes development protocol 
Property   LP6769-6 
Time   LP6960-1  Pt   [Point in time (spot)] 
Super System   LP6985-8  Patient 
Scale   LP7747-1 
Method   LP95333-8  PhenX 
Fragments for synonyms   LP21059-8  Panel 

LANGUAGE VARIANTS
  Chinese (CHINA)  (From: Regenstrief-generated full translation based on part translation provided by Lin Zhang, A LOINC volunteer from China)
 
  PhenX - 睾丸发育方案:-:时间点:^患者:-:PhenXPhenX - 睾丸发育方案:-:时间点:^患者:-:PhenX
  Russian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)  (From: Regenstrief-generated full translation based on part translation provided by Yaroslavl State Medical Academy)
 
  PhenX - яичек развитие протокол:-:ТчкВрм:^Пациент:-:PhenXPhenX - яичек развитие протокол:-:ТчкВрм:^Пациент:-:PhenX

RELATED NAMES
  Pan Panl Random
  Panel Pnl  
  PANEL.PHENX Point in time  

CHANGE HISTORY
  Change Type: MIN

ARTICLE
  Description: Slora EJ, Bocian AB, Herman-Giddens ME, et al. (2009). Assessing inter-rater reliability (IRR) of Tanner staging and orchidometer use with boys: a study from PROS. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab., 22(4):291-9.
 
 
  Description: Prader A. (1966). Testicular size: Assessment and clinical importance. Triangle, 7:240-243.
 
 
  Description: Prader A. (1975). Delayed adolescence. Clin Endocrinol Metab., 4(1):143-55.
 
 
  Description: Keefer, JR. Endocrinology. In: Harriet Lane Handbook, 15th ed, Siberry, GK, Iannone, R (Eds), Mosby, St. Louis 2000. p.227.
 
 
  Description: Eyre RC. Evaluation of nonacute scrotal pathology in adult men. In: UpToDate, O’Leary MP (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2010.
 
 
  Description: Drutz JE. Undescended testes (cryptorchidism) in children and adolescents. In: UpToDate, Duryea TK (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2010.
 
 
  Description: Cooper C., Docimo S. Undescended testes (cryptorchidism) in children and adolescents. In: UpToDate, Drutz JE (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2010.
 
 
  Description: Marcia E. Herman-Giddens; Carlos J. Bourdony; Steven A. Dowshen; and Edward O. Reiter. Using an Orchidometer. In: Assessment of Sexual Maturity Stages in Girls and Boys. ISBN 13: 978-1-58110-443-1, pp. 35-36.
 
 

CITATION
  Description: Kronenberg: Williams Textbook of Endocrinology, 11th ed. Copyright © 2008 Saunders.
 
 

INTERNAL FIELDS
  Detail Page Created On: 12/12/2018 11:52:02 PM
  Attachment Units Required: N
  Long Common Name: PhenX - testes development protocol
  Shortname: Testes development proto
  Fully Specified Name: PhenX - testes development protocol: -: Pt: ^Patient: -: PhenX
     
  Component Word Count: 4
  ID: 57922
  Status (Raw): TRIAL