882-1  ABO and Rh group [Type] in BloodABO and Rh group [Type] in BloodABO & Rh group: Type: Pt: Bld: Nom:  

NAME
  Fully Specified Name: 
Component   Property   Time   System   Scale   Method
ABO & Rh group  Type  Pt  Bld  Nom 
  Long Common Name:  ABO and Rh group [Type] in Blood
  Short Name:  ABO + Rh Bld
  Display Name:  ABO and Rh group Nom (Bld)

PART DEFINITION/DESCRIPTION(S)
  Part: ABO & Rh group
  In 1900, Landsteiner observed that the red cells of some individuals were agglutinated by the serum of others and his detailed report a year later heralded the discovery of the first human blood groups. His limited experiments on laboratory colleagues demonstrated three distinct groups; his pupils Von Decastello and Sturli discovered a fourth group in 1902. It was 25 years before these groups were shown to be inherited as Mendelian characters by means of three allelomorphic genes A, B and O and were, in fact, entities of one blood group system. For most of medicine this was considered a meaningless curiosity, but for those involved with the early development of transfusions it was quickly noted that transfusion of blood only of the same group could mean the difference between a successful outcome or a fatality. While various nomenclatures have been used to describe these factors, it was internationally decided in the mid-1940's that the characteristics would be individually identified as A, B, AB and O and the blood group system know as ABO. Since that time there have been billions of tests preformed and almost as many publications describing various aspects and associations of this blood group systems or its allelic products. The genes controlling the ABO system are located on the long arm of chromosome 9 and encode for either an a (1-3) N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (for A) or a (1,3) galactosyltransferase (for B). These transferases incorporate immunodominant sugars (GalNAc for A; Gal for B) on to one of four different types of oligosaccharide chains (type 2 is predominant on red cells, type 1 is found in secretions, plasma and some tissue) carried on glycosphingolipid or glycoprotein molecules. The placement of the A and B antigens is dependent upon the existence of a substrate produced by the Hh blood group system (ISBT # 018). Some individuals have weakened or variant expression of A and/or B which can be attributed to inheritance of variant forms of transferases. Those individuals that have neither transferases, inheritors of two amorph genes, are group O. To date, 14 A alleles, 14 B alleles and 8 O alleles have been identified at the molecular level and more remain to be found. The ABO antigens, as stated above are not restricted to the red blood cell membrane but can be found in saliva and all body fluids except spinal fluid if the individual has inherited a secretor gene. The antigens are also found on most epithelial and endothelial cells. It also appears on lymphocytes and platelets as it is adsorbed from the plasma. Alterations of ABH expression have been found in various forms of cancer. Furthermore, antigens of the ABO system may play a role in resistance to bacteria or viruses.
 
 

BASIC ATTRIBUTES
  Class/Type: BLDBK/Lab
  Common Lab Results Rank: #169
  Common SI Lab Results Rank: #169
  First Released in Version: 1.0
  Last Updated in Version: 2.50
  Order vs. Obs.: Both
  Status: Active

PREFERRED ANSWER LIST    (LL2972-9)  
 
Source: Canada Health Infoway
  SEQ#        Answer        Answer ID    
  0       O Pos
http://snomed.info/sct ©: 278147001 Blood group O Rh(D) positive (finding)    
  LA21321-7  
  1       O Neg
http://snomed.info/sct ©: 278148006 Blood group O Rh(D) negative (finding)    
  LA21322-5  
  2       B Pos
http://snomed.info/sct ©: 278150003 Blood group B Rh(D) positive (finding)    
  LA21327-4  
  3       B Neg
http://snomed.info/sct ©: 278153001 Blood group B Rh(D) negative (finding)    
  LA21328-2  
  4       AB Pos
http://snomed.info/sct ©: 278151004 Blood group AB Rh(D) positive (finding)    
  LA21323-3  
  5       AB Neg
http://snomed.info/sct ©: 278154007 Blood group AB Rh(D) negative (finding)    
  LA21324-1  
  6       A Pos
http://snomed.info/sct ©: 278149003 Blood group A Rh(D) positive (finding)    
  LA21325-8  
  7       A Neg
http://snomed.info/sct ©: 278152006 Blood group A Rh(D) negative (finding)    
  LA21326-6  

MEMBER OF THESE PANELS     
  This section provides information about panels that contain this LOINC code.
  LOINC   Long Common Name  
  54037-7 HEDIS 2009 panel
  57820-3 HEDIS 2010 panel
  60442-1 HEDIS 2011 panel
  67767-4 HEDIS 2012 panel
  72199-3 HEDIS 2013 panel
  74234-6 HEDIS 2014 Value Sets
  75868-0 HEDIS 2015 Value Sets
  79544-3 HEDIS 2016 Value Sets
  82955-6 HEDIS 2017 Value Sets
  87625-0 HEDIS 2018 Value Sets
  90766-7 HEDIS 2019 Value Sets
  

PARTS

Part Type    Part No.  Part Name   
Component   LP36683-8  ABO & Rh group   [ABO and Rh group] 
Property   LP6886-8  Type 
Time   LP6960-1  Pt   [Point in time (spot)] 
System   LP7057-5  Bld   [Blood] 
Scale   LP7750-5  Nom 

LANGUAGE VARIANTS
  Chinese (CHINA)  (From: Regenstrief-generated full translation based on part translation provided by Lin Zhang, A LOINC volunteer from China)
 
  ABO与Rh:类型:时间点:全血:名义型:ABO与Rh:类型:时间点:全血:名义型:
  Dutch (NETHERLANDS)  (From: Regenstrief-generated full translation based on part translation provided by NVKC, Dutch Society for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, The Netherlands)
 
  AB0 & Rh-bloedgroep:type:moment:bloed:nominaal:AB0 & Rh-bloedgroep:type:moment:bloed:nominaal:
  Estonian (ESTONIA)  (From: Regenstrief-generated full translation based on part translation provided by Estonian E-Health Foundation)
 
  ABO ja Rh:Tüüp:Pt:B:Nom:ABO ja Rh:Tüüp:Pt:B:Nom:
  French (CANADA)  (From: Regenstrief-generated full translation based on part translation provided by Canada Health Infoway Inc.)
 
  Groupe ABO & Rh:Type:Temps ponctuel:Sang:Nominal:Groupe ABO & Rh:Type:Temps ponctuel:Sang:Nominal:
  French (FRANCE)  (From: ASIP Santé (Agence des systèmes d'information partagés de santé))
 
  ABO & Rh group:Type:Pt:Bld:Nom:ABO & Rh group:Type:Pt:Bld:Nom:ABO et RHD groupage [Type] Sang ; Résultat nominal
  French (SWITZERLAND)  (From: CUMUL, Switzerland)
 
  Sg--groupe, ABO+​Rh
  German (AUSTRIA)  (From: ELGA, Austria)
 
  Blutgruppe AB0 +​ Rh
  German (GERMANY)  (From: Institute for Medical Documentation and Information (DIMDI))
 
  ABO+​Rh Gruppe:Typ:Pkt:Blut:Nom:ABO+​Rh Gruppe:Typ:Pkt:Blut:Nom:
  German (SWITZERLAND)  (From: CUMUL, Switzerland)
 
  B--ABO+​Rh Gruppe
  Italian (ITALY)  (From: Regenstrief-generated full translation based on part translation provided by Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche)
 
  ABO & Rh, gruppo:Tipo:Pt:Sangue:Nom:ABO & Rh, gruppo:Tipo:Pt:Sangue:Nom:
  Italian (SWITZERLAND)  (From: CUMUL, Switzerland)
 
  Sg--gruppo ABO+​Rh
  Korean (KOREA, REPUBLIC OF)  (From: Korean Ministry for Health, Welfare, and Family Affairs)
 
  ABO+​RH그룹:종류:검사시점:전혈:명칭결과:ABO+​RH그룹:종류:검사시점:전혈:명칭결과:
  Portuguese (BRAZIL)  (From: HL7 Brazil Institute)
 
  Grupo ABO+​Rh:Tipo:Pt:SgTotal:Nom:Grupo ABO+​Rh:Tipo:Pt:SgTotal:Nom:
  Russian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)  (From: Regenstrief-generated full translation based on part translation provided by Yaroslavl State Medical Academy)
 
  ABO & Rh:Тип:ТчкВрм:Кр:Ном:ABO & Rh:Тип:ТчкВрм:Кр:Ном:
  Spanish (ARGENTINA)  (From: Conceptum Medical Terminology Center)
 
  grupo ABO +​ Rh:tipo:punto en el tiempo:sangre:Nominal:grupo ABO +​ Rh:tipo:punto en el tiempo:sangre:Nominal:
  Spanish (SPAIN)  (From: Regenstrief-generated full translation based on part translation provided by the Clinical Laboratory Committee of SERVICIO EXTREMEÑO DE SALUD, with the support of BITAC MAP.)
 
  Grupo ABO y Rh:Tipo:Punto temporal:Sangre:Nom:Grupo ABO y Rh:Tipo:Punto temporal:Sangre:Nom:
  Spanish (SWITZERLAND)  (From: CUMUL, Switzerland)
 
  Sg--grupo, ABO+​Rh
  Turkish (TURKEY)  (From: Regenstrief-generated full translation based on part translation provided by LOINC Turkish Translation Group and the Turkish Ministry of Health)
 
  ABO ve Rh:Tip:Zmlı:Kan:Snf:ABO ve Rh:Tip:Zmlı:Kan:Snf:

RELATED NAMES
  ABO + Rh D typing Typ
  ABO group and Rh type Nominal WB
  ABO+Rh Gp Point in time Whole blood
  Blood Random  
  BLOOD BANK Rh phenotyping  
  D phenotyping Rh typing  

CHANGE HISTORY
  Change Type: MIN

INTERNAL FIELDS
  Detail Page Created On: 6/26/2019 1:09:08 PM
  Long Common Name: ABO and Rh group [Type] in Blood
  Shortname: ABO + Rh Bld
  Fully Specified Name: ABO & Rh group: Type: Pt: Bld: Nom:
     
  Component Word Count: 3
  ID: 66339
  Status (Raw): ACTIVE

3rd PARTY COPYRIGHT
  Code System: http://snomed.info/sct
  This material includes SNOMED Clinical Terms® (SNOMED CT®) which is used by permission of the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO) under license. All rights reserved. SNOMED CT® was originally created by The College of American Pathologists. "SNOMED" and "SNOMED CT" are registered trademarks of the IHTSDO.

This material includes content from the US Edition to SNOMED CT, which is developed and maintained by the U.S. National Library of Medicine and is available to authorized UMLS Metathesaurus Licensees from the UTS Downloads site at https://uts.nlm.nih.gov.

Use of SNOMED CT content is subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the SNOMED CT Affiliate License Agreement. It is the responsibility of those implementing this product to ensure they are appropriately licensed and for more information on the license, including how to register as an Affiliate Licensee, please refer to http://www.snomed.org/snomed-ct/get-snomed-ct or info@snomed.org. This may incur a fee in SNOMED International non-Member countries.